Chronic Diseases.......What they are ?
Chronic Diseases are long-term medical conditions that are generally progressive. Some examples of chronic diseases include heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and chronic respiratory problems (e.g. COPD). At present, these are the major cause of disability and death globally. Chronic diseases are also the major cause of premature adult deaths in many parts of the World. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), almost half of all chronic disease deaths occur in people under the age of 70. Chronic illnesses have a serious impact on individuals and on society in general. They affect the quality of life of individuals and can be a financial burden on those who are affected.
A number of risk factors related to an individuals lifestyle can contribute to the development of chronic diseases (e.g. cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory conditions and diabetes). Risk factors such as unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and smoking are mostly modifiable. Adopting healthy lifestyle practices such as a healthy diet, regular physical activity can prevent or control the onset of debilitating and expensive complications of chronic diseases. So its clear that most of the Life Style Diseases are Chronic Diseases
Unhealthy eating habits, super-sizing meals, and reduced physical exercise all translate to obesity. A person with excessive weight suffers with breathing problems, blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, etc.
The NFHS figures suggest that currently India ranks second with 155 million obese citizens and are increasing at 33-51% every year. Type II diabetes
Obesity becomes the cause for other health problems such as Type II Diabetes which is the non-insulin dependent form, and generally develops in adults.
This is a group of diseases that occur when the arterial blood vessel walls thicken and lose elasticity.
Atherosclerosis is when fatty plaques deposit in the arterial walls and cause blood circulation disorders, chest pain, and heart attacks. It is linked with diabetes, obesity and a high BP.
Around 30% to 40% of cardiovascular deaths happen in India among the age group of 34-64 years of age.
This refers to abnormalities that affect the heart muscle and blood vessel walls. The major factors involved in its development are smoking, diabetes and high cholesterol intake.
India ranks No.1 in cardiac patients, around 50 million people in India suffer from heart problems.
High blood pressure
When the reading is 140/90 or higher, the BP is considered to be high. Hypertension results from a variety of reasons like stress, obesity, gene, the diet and ageing.
In India, more than 100 million people have high blood pressure.
Cancer includes any hysterical irregular cell growth. The types of cancer could include lung cancer due to prolonged smoking, skin cancer due to too much exposure to the sun etc.
Cancer killed almost 5,56,400 people across the country in 2011.netic factors, overuse of salt
A stroke results when a blood vessel carrying blood to the brain has a blockage, thus creating an oxygen deficiency for the area of the brain it was carrying it to.
Indian studies have shown that about 10% to 15% of strokes occur in people below the age of 40 years.
Ulcerative Colitis, Nephritis,Stomach Ulcer and Anemia are also caused directly by your Life Style and Eating habits.
Gall Bladder Stones,Renal Stones and Chronic Depression,Sleep Apnea are also Life Style Diseases